President Obama has pressured Senators to follow the House's lead and pass a bill to limit greenhouse gas emissions.
The House narrowly passed the legislation Friday evening. It places the first national limits on emissions of greenhouse gases. It also moves the U.S. away from fossil fuels and towards cleaner power sources like wind and solar.
"This was the moment when we decided to confront America's energy challenge and reclaim America's future," Obama said. "That is what this vote was about.
Republicans opposed the bill, saying it would mean higher taxes for the middle class--up to $175 per family.
"There will be millions of jobs lost due to the imposition of a national energy tax on small businesses and working families, said Rep. Eric Cantor, R-VA.
The Senate may not deal with the energy bill until this Fall.
White House aide David Axelrod said on ABC's This Week that he thinks healthcare will be the first priority.