WASHINGTON -- After a year of bruising debate and under threats of thousands of lawsuits against the bill, President Barack Obama signed his health care overhaul into law, Tuesday.
Less than two days after Congress passed Obama's sweeping health care bill, the measure already faces challenges in court.
"Today after almost a century of trial, today after over a year of debate, today after all the votes have been tallied, health insurance reform becomes law in the United States of America," Obama said upon signing the bill into law.
The president's signature Tuesday on the $938 billion legislation sets off a legal quest to repeal the new law of the land, signaling the health care battle is far from over.
Breaking the Law and the Bank?
While the White House remains focused on a public relations campaign supporting the measure, state attorneys general across the country plan to challenge the law in court.
"For the federal government to tell a person that they must go out and buy something is something that has never been done before," South Carolina Attorney General Henry McMaster said. "There's no authority for it, the constitution doesn't allow it, the 10th Amendment prohibits it."
Do the attorneys general filing lawsuits accross the country have a case? Sharing his expertise on the ensuing legal battle is Charles Dunn, dean of Regent University's School of Government. Click here to watch.
Jay Sekulow from the American Center of Law and Justice also weighed in on the matter on Tuesday's The 700 Club. Click here to watch the interview.
Utah Attorney General Mark Shurtleff agreed with McMaster's sentiments.
"This isn't about politics," Shurtleff said. "This is about state's rights, and every attorney general regardless of their politics has a responsibility to protect the interest of their citizens."
To these top prosecutors, it's not only about government overreach, it's also about breaking the bank.
"There's no way that we can do what is required in this bill and still provide for education, for foster care, for the incarceration of prisoners," Florida Attorney General Bill McCollum said.
Still, some experts doubt the lawsuits will be successful.
"Health care and health insurance is probably a matter of interstate commerce," Univ. of South Carolina law professor Jay Bender explained. "Interstate commerce is specifically delegated to Congress in the Constitution and this is the same sort of argument that I suspect Republicans made about Social Security, about income tax and all those other political things they didn't like."
But others question whether the federal government can enforce a mandate for every American to buy health insurance, unlike car insurance which is only required to those who drive.
"This is somebody who doesn't want to purchase a product, and Congress now is trying to force you to purchase a product," said Matt Staver, founder and chairman of the religious rights group the Liberty Counsel.
"Clearly, Congress doesn't have that authority," he said. "It does not affect interstate commerce when you choose not to have health insurance."
Repeal the Bill!
Meanwhile, Republicans on Capitol Hill have introduced bills calling for the health care legislation to be repealed.
"It sends a message and it lays the groundwork because this November the American people need to know where every member of Congress stands," Rep. Steve King, R-Iowa said.
The White House is confident the federal government will win any lawsuits challenging the legality of the health care bill.
For now, however, the administration is focusing on the court of public opinion. Obama plans to walk people through the benefits of the legislation in speeches and trips across the country. He is scheduled to make his first case in Iowa on Thursday.