NEW DELHI, India - Compass Direct News -- Terrified Christians already ravaged by more than two months of violence in Orissa state's Kandhamal district braced for more carnage as suspected Maoists today gunned down a local worker of the Hindu extremist Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh.
Dhanu Pradhan was an RSS activist said to be on the Maoists' hit list. Police said he was shot by three suspected Maoists in Kumharigaon village under Brahmanigaon jurisdiction in Kandhamal at 1 p.m., reported The Indian Express. Modern India's worst-ever spate of violence began in the forest district of Kandhamal on Aug. 24, a day after a leader of the Hindu extremist Vishwa Hindu Parishad , Laxmanananda Saraswati, was killed.
Although a Maoist group admitted killing Saraswati and four of his aides, the VHP blamed local Christians for the assassinations. The wave of violent attacks carried on unabated for more than two months, destroying at least 4,500 houses and churches in the district.
More than 500 people, mostly Christian, might have been killed in the past few months' violence in Kandhamal district, according to a report by a Communist Party fact-finding team. The report also suggested that the state government downplayed and covered up evidence of unreported deaths.
"The official figure for deaths has been reported to be 31, however, a senior government official on the condition of anonymity informed that he himself consigned two hundred dead bodies - found from the jungle - to flames after getting them collected in a tractor," said the report by the Communist Party of India-Marxist-Leninist.
The unnamed official estimated that, based on the intensity and pace of killings, the number of those killed was more than 500, according to the report. The fact-finding team visited Kandhamal district on Oct. 15-16 and published its report in the Oct. 27 issue of the party's official publication, Liberation.
The report, signed by CPI-ML member J.P. Minz, also said that Hindu extremists might have used state government machinery to "minimize the evidence and possibly destroy dead bodies."
Dr. John Dayal, a member of the National Integration Council of the Government of India, told Compass the report was startling but not surprising.
"I have been tabulating the data from independent church groups," he said. "Even the Bishop's House in Bhubaneswar has maintained that tens of thousands of refugees are hiding in forests, many of them with injuries of various degrees of grievousness."
Dayal said that people must have been killed in the forests. "Even in villages, bodies have been discovered in neighboring fields," he added.
The fact-finding team reported that the numerous attacks, acts of vandalism and killings took place "in full view of police, and the police remained mute spectators." At least 200 Christian villages and 127 church and prayer halls were either destroyed or burned, it added.
Victims in numerous relief camps told the fact-finding team that the VHP and its youth wing, Bajrang Dal, were responsible for the tensions and violence.
"They used to organize meetings of the Kandha tribals and incite them to attack the Christian hamlets and also provided funds for doing this," the report said.
Dayal said the Supreme Court of India should act on the report's findings.
The CPI-ML reported that Christians continued to experience "great terror," and that Hindu nationalist groups were demanding the withdrawal of security personnel sent by the federal government to contain the violence.
"Riot victims are frightened to go back to their villages because they have been threatened that if they return they will be cut into pieces," said the report. "The rioters are also proclaiming that only Hindu converts will be allowed to return. On the other hand, those in charge of the relief camps are pressuring the riot victims to return to their villages, saying that the life has returned to normalcy and peace has returned."
The Indian Express yesterday reported that about 250 riot victims who had taken shelter in the Meliaputti and Mandasa areas of Srikakulam district in neighboring Andhra Pradesh state were refusing to go back to their villages "out of fear."
"As many as 109 persons of 35 families of Sarlaguda, Raikia, Nuagaon, Baliguda, Bataguda, Barkhama, G. Udaygiri, Tikabali and Suraballi areas have been residing at Sourakaligam village of Meliaputti area, Andhra Pradesh, since the Kandhamal violence," said the newspaper, adding that 140 others had taken shelter in Kumudhisingi village of the Mandasa area.
There are 12,641 violence-affected people in seven relief camps in Kandhamal, according to the district authorities.
Violence in Another District
The violence in Kandhamal has led to tensions in several other districts of Orissa. Yesterday a mob of around 400 people surrounded and beat five Christian men in the Bindha area of Bhadrak district's Tihidi Block, according to the Christian Legal Association.
The incident took place when five men and two women, all staff of the Discipleship Centre, were returning from a few villages where that Christian organization has projects. A cyclist suddenly appeared before them and had an accident, incurring minor injuries. Soon a mob of about 300 people gathered and began beating the men, accusing them of converting Hindus, as if such activity were illegal in India.
The mob dragged the Christians to a Hindu nationalist rally where slogans against them were chanted. Police arrived and took the Christians to a police station, charging them under laws against forcible or fraudulent conversion. The seven Christians remained in jail at press time.
Police also filed a counter-complaint against the attackers, but no one was arrested at press time.
Nun's Rape Case
In the case of a Catholic nun raped on Aug. 25 during the initial violence, the Kandhamal district court today issued a notice summoning her to appear for identification of the culprits, reported the Press Trust of India news agency.
The victim, who said she was raped in K. Nuagaon in Baliguda, had refused to cooperate with police, demanding that a federal agency investigate her case. On Oct. 24, she appeared before media and blamed police for not coming to her rescue. She said she was raped while police did nothing, and that later she saw a policeman talking congenially to one of the rapists.
Previously she had filed a complaint at the Baliguda police station, but officers did not make any arrests until a national newspaper, The Hindu, highlighted the case on Sept. 30. When the nun initially went to the police station to file her complaint, an officer had warned her of possible negative consequences of doing so.
While Christians are demanding that a federal agency take over investigation of the violence in Orissa, the state government has appointed a one-man panel, the Justice S.C. Mohapatra judicial commission, to carry out the probe.
The commission placed an advertisement in a local newspaper, Sambad, on Nov. 3 seeking affidavits of victims by Nov. 15. It also said that people could appear before the commission on Nov. 28 in its office in Bhubaneswar, the state capital.
The commission will analyze the sequence of events and circumstances leading to the killing of Saraswati on Aug. 23 and the subsequent violence. It will also probe the role, conduct and responsibility of individuals, organizations, groups and agencies in precipitating and committing the crimes and investigate whether the measures that followed were adequate.
Mohapatra is a retired judge of the Orissa High Court.
Orissa is ruled by a coalition of a local party, the Biju Janata Dal, and the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party, which has close ties with the VHP.