The world's largest democracy is counting votes this week after a month-long election.
India has 714 million registered voters. Of those, about 60 percent actually cast their ballots.
The two dominant political parties are the Congress party and the Hindu fundamentalist BJP party.
The BJP is associated with radical Hindu groups that carried out attacks on Christians in India's Orissa State last year.
They destroyed churches and killed believers.
Thousands of Christians fled their homes. Now they fear that if the BJP takes control of the national government, the situation will get worse.
Election results are expected to be announced this week.