In Iowa, voters decided to remove three state Supreme Court justices over the issue of same sex marriage.
The judges, who were up for re-election, had joined a unanimous decision last year that made the state the first in the Midwest to allow gay marriage.
Voters tossed out Iowa Chief Justice Marsha Ternus and justices David Baker and Michael Streit.
Family groups had encouraged voters to send a message that the judicial branch has no business legislating social policy from the bench.
"They simply disregarded 160 years of Iowa Supreme Court law," said Jeff Mullen, senior pastor of Point of Grace Church in Waukee. "They disregarded our legislature. They disregarded the will of the people."
This marks the first time voters have rejected members of Iowa's high court since the current system began in 1962.