The new archbishop of Philadelphia is a Native American who has earned a reputation as one of the church's most outspoken conservatives.
Charles Chaput, 66, has tough talk for Catholics who don't accept all the church's teachings.
Chaput said the church is not for so-called "cafeteria Catholics" -- those who pick which doctrines they'll follow and which ones they won't.
"If they don't believe what the church teaches, they're not really Catholic," Chaput told the Associated Press in an interview Tuesday, two days before his installation at the Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul.
The new archbishop has condemned the University of Notre Dame for bestowing an award on President Obama, who supports abortion rights, and thinks Catholic politicians with the same beliefs should not take Holy Communion.
Chaput takes over the troubled Philadelphia archdiocese made up of more than 1.5 million Catholics on Thursday.
He formerly served as the archbishop of Denver where he reportedly dealt firmly with cases of abuse by priests. Several of his top advisors have moved to Philadelphia to work with him.
Chaput, who was born in Kansas, belongs to the Capuchin order, a branch of the Franciscans who espouse simplicity, poverty and prayer.