BANDA ACEH, Indonesia - Muslims in Indonesia who commit adultery could be stoned to death starting next month.
It's just a part of a new law passed by Indonesia's Banda Aceh province which also makes homosexuality a crime.
In addition, it calls for those caught having pre-marital sex to be beaten 100 times with a cane.
The region has been taking steps to implement harsh Islamic Shari'a law over the last few years.
The Vice and Virtue Patrol
It's 8 p.m. in Banda Aceh. CBN News rode along with the Shari'a police, known locally as the 'vice and virtue' patrol, as they begin their evening rounds.
It doesn't take long to spot the first target - a man and woman alone in the park. The Shari'a police scold the couple for being seen together in the dark, but release them after learning that the man is a military officer.
The soldier is given special favor, but another couple is detained longer. The female is taken aside and reprimanded for not wearing a jilbab, or headdress.
The woman explained she was unaware of the law, because she is not from Aceh. In response, the Shari'a police say visitors to Aceh must abide by Aceh laws.
Such occurrences are now part of the daily lives of the Acehnese.
Shari'a or Islamic law is part of the special autonomy agreement that ended the long separatist insurgency in Aceh.
While Indonesia is a Muslim country, Aceh is the only Indonesian province allowed to apply Shari'a.
Among the Shari'a regulations enforced by the Shari'a police are bans against the consumption and sale of alcoholic beverages, gambling, and illicit relations between men and women. Even married couples can be prosecuted for holding hands in public.
Public flogging is the punishment given to anyone found guilty.
While human rights groups say such punishment is unjust, Muslim Ibrahim, chairman of the Shari'a regulatory board and Ulemas Assembly says flogging is more humane than imprisonment.
"When a person is imprisoned, he is separated from his family for a long time and this can cause more problems," he said.
"With public flogging, he or she can get nine to 20 whips but it is not really the pain but the shame that the offender needs to face. The shame will be so hard to bear that this will stop them from doing the offense again," Ibrahim explained.
Because of the shame and pain, many women pass out during the ordeal.
Since last year, the Shari'a board has handled 60 cases, mostly on sexual relations outside marriage.
Just one day after CBN News interviewed the authority on Shari'a law, an article appeared on the front page of a local newspaper warning the Acehnese against saying anything negative about Shari'a law and its implementation.
But despite these warnings, the people here cannot help but express their true sentiments.
Ibu Merianti is a Muslim who supports Shari'a law, but she is concerned about how it is enforced.
"I think the implementation is unfair because the Shari'a police only target the poor," Merianti said. "The rich and those in authority get away with the crime. We should also realize that Shari'a is more than just a rule. I follow Shari'a from my heart, and not because I am afraid of the Shari'a police."
Nita is a teacher. She believes Islamic law may be a hindrance to the progress of Aceh.
"Particularly in the education of the children because they memorize what is in the Qur'an and memorize prayers and that's enough for them," she said. "It seems they don't need to learn about current events and general knowledge, and that's a hindrance for the new generation to help in the progress of Aceh."
During an exclusive interview with CBN News, the newly-elected governor of Aceh, Irwandi Yusuf, criticized the present implementation of Shari'a law and some of its provisions.
Governor Yusuf said, "I don't like the punishment. I do not agree with what's being implemented right now. Education is a way to achieve what we want and how the morality is to be practiced here."
Yusuf earned a master's degree in veterinary medicine at Oregon State University in 1993. He says his experience in the United States will affect the way he governs in Aceh.
"Good governance and clean government that is what I can copy from America," he said, "how they serve their citizens and how they protect their citizens."
While the new governor would like to see the Acehnese people protected from extreme punishment, the Shari'a police patrols are not expected to end any time soon.
In fact, Islamic leaders here are now pushing to implement a fourth Shari'a regulation: the amputation of hands of those caught stealing.
*Original Broadcast Date: September 16, 2009.