Anti-government rebels say they've ended their commitment to the United Nation's Syrian Peace plan after President Bashar Assad missed a deadline to end violence in the country.
To compound the situation, Syrian activists announced Monday the creation of a new rebel coalition, the Syrian Rebels Front, which aims to unify divisions within the opposition movement.
Anti-government forces have remained fractured and are said to be blamed for the failure to topple the Assad regime even after a nationwide uprising that's lasted a year.
Monday's announcement was made at a news conference in Turkey complete with a public relations style banner, video presentation, and an on-sight translation service.
The Syrian Rebels Front plan to coordinate their efforts with the Free Syrian Army, whose leaders are based on the Turkish side of the Syrian border.
An organizer for the group, Khaled al-Okla, said the new organization was formed after a "failure of all Arab and international initiatives to rein in Assad."
The 15-month-old revolt against Assad's rule has killed up to 13,000 people, according to activist groups.
But Assad insists his government has been working to abide by the peace plan proposed by U.N. envoy Kofi Annan.
On Sunday, he denied the government's involvement in last week's gruesome Houla massacre, which killed innocent women and children.
A pro-democracy Syrian activist Hadeel Kouky told CBN News that she thinks Bashar is lying and that his regime did in fact target the Houla victims.
"I have a friend of mine, she was a classmate of mine. Her name is Fatima, she is 25-years old. She was with me, she was studying history in the University of Aleppo. They killed her in al Houla...They are a known family in the revolution," she said.
Kouky has been jailed twice and tortured by Syrian government agents. She testified before the UN Human Rights Council last Friday, pleading for the United States to intervene militarily.
While some Gulf countries support the idea of arming rebels, Western and Arab allies have been reluctant to supply anti-regime fighters, partly because of their lack of cohesion, and also for fear of igniting a broader and more intense conflict.