A Chinese government think tank is calling for the phasing out of China's one-child policy.
A report by The China Development Research Foundation says that by 2015, Chinese families should be allowed to have two children and that by 2020, all restrictions on birth should be lifted.
"We have been discussing the one-child policy since 2000," The Telegraph quoted Li Jiamin, a specialist in population studies at Nankai University. "It is just a matter of finding the right solution. Making the jump to two children is only a matter of time now."
The foundation reportedly has close ties to China's central leadership, giving its recommendation more credibility.
The one-child policy, designed to curb population growth, was established in 1980 and has been carried out through forced abortions.
The government said the policy prevented hundreds of millions of births.
According to the Chinese news service, the report shows the policy has resulted in social conflict, high administration costs, and a huge gender imbalance.
"If China sticks to the one-child policy, we are looking at a situation as bad as the one in southern Europe. Old people will make up a third of the population by 2050," Li warned.