The Church of England will once again take up the issue of ordaining women bishops in response to backlash over a similar proposal that failed last year.
Rev. Nigel Stock said last year's decision had caused "profound mystification and unhappiness" in the church and dealt a serious blow to female members of the clergy.
On Monday, members of the General Synod agreed to put its support behind drafting new proposals that would open the door to women becoming bishops by 2015.
The issue gained momentum this year after a speech by new Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby.
Currently, the Church of England allows women to become priests but not bishops.