Sound Mind Investing
Making Sure Your House Doesn't Own You
By Matt Bell
During the last recession, many people discovered — all too painfully — that they had stretched too far in pursuit of a central part of the American Dream: home ownership. Today, however, with mortgage rates just off their record lows and home prices in many parts of the country still far below where they were before the recession, plenty of people believe now is a good time to buy. It might be, as long as you buy in such a way that your house doesn't own you.
• Save early and save often. Before applying for a mortgage, save enough to be able to (1) make at least a 20% down payment and (2) fill an emergency fund equal to three to six months' of essential living expenses. That may sound like a stretch, but a 20% down payment will mean you can avoid the cost of private mortgage insurance. And a healthy emergency fund protects you from the financial and emotional stress of paying for the many things that can go wrong with a house.
• Insist on a reasonable monthly payment. No matter how much your mortgage lender says you can afford, keep your housing payment (mortgage, taxes and insurance) to no more than 25% of monthly gross income.
As we crunched the numbers to come up with our SMI Recommended Spending Guidelines, that was the maximum amount that allowed for generous giving, adequate saving, and investing.
Ideally, apply that 25% standard to just one income. For a young couple who want to have children some day, basing their largest expense — housing — on one income will allow the flexibility to have one spouse stay home full-time. Even if kids are not in the picture or if both spouses plan to continue working, taking on housing expenses based on two incomes is unwise.
I once talked with a couple who had built an especially expensive lifestyle: two leased cars, frequent dinners out, and a mortgage that required a large portion of their combined high incomes. Then the woman lost her job. When I met with them, their faces were full of fear. His had a tinge of anger. How could she lose her job and put their lifestyle in such peril? But it wasn't solely her fault. Together they had chosen that high-risk path. Far better to base housing costs on one income.
• Prepare for other monthly paments. A house has a lot of expensive things that can break. So, after coming up with a 20% down payment and funding an emergency savings account, be sure to allocate a healthy budget amount for monthly maintenance and repairs. While the exact amount you'll need depends on the age and condition of your house, $200 per month is a good starting point. Some months you'll only need to replace a light bulb or two. But at some point you may need to replace a roof or furnace. So, when you have a light bulb month, put the remaining portion of your monthly maintenance and repairs budget into savings for those more expensive months.
• Can you afford your house? After reading this article, you may realize you're already paying too much for housing. If so, consider something radical. Consider selling your house and moving to one that's more affordable. It's a crazy-sounding idea. Completely impractical. And it may just be the best move you could make.
That's what Carol and Tim decided to do. They had been living in what Carol described as her dream home. It wasn't that it was so large or lavish. It just reminded her of her childhood home. But after realizing they had stretched too far for the house, they made the agonizing decision to sell.
Carol said two aspects of their move deepened their relationship with God. First, the speed with which their home sold seemed miraculous. Even though many houses in their community were sitting on the market for over a year, theirs sold in a month, and for nearly their full asking price. They saw it as God's affirmation of their decision to sell.
Second, they saw that they had unintentionally moved God out from the center of their lives. "Without realizing it, I think we were trying to fit in to the culture," Carol explained. "Our identities were in where we lived and what we did. They weren't where they should be. When we made this move, it stripped away a lot of things for us. I think of it as kind of a time-out. It's been a reminder that we are just as treasured and just as worthy if we live here as if we live somewhere else."
And they are so much freer — free from other debt they were able to pay off because of their lower housing costs, free to spend more time with their daughter, and much freer from financial worry.
Get the housing decision wrong, and your house will own you. Get it right, and your house will truly be a home.
Matt Bell is the Associate Editor of Sound Mind Investing, the best-selling investment newsletter written from a biblical perspective. SMI wants people to have more so they can provide well for their families and generously support God's work.
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