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700 Club Interactive - November 3, 2017

It’s been 100 years since the Balfour Declaration became the first step that led to the creation of the state of Israel; here’s a look at the Christian and Jewish men behind the historic proclamation. Read Transcript


Gordon: THE LETTER

THAT PROMISED THE JEWISH

PEOPLE THEIR FIRST

HOMELAND IN NEARLY 2,000

YEARS.

IT WAS TAKING A PEOPLE

WHO WERE CONSTANTLY

PERSECUTED IN ALL CORNERS

OF THE EARTH AND FINDING

THEM SOMEWHERE TO GO AND

LIVE, A PLACE WHERE

INDIGENOUS JEWS CAME FROM,

ACCORDING TO THE BIBLE.

Gordon: SEE HOW THE

BALFOUR DECLARATION,

ISSUED 100 YEARS AGO, LED

TO THE CREATION OF THE

MODERN STATE OF ISRAEL ON

TODAY'S "700 CLUB

INTERACTIVE."

> WELL, WELCOME TO THE

SHOW.

TODAY WE'RE GOING TO DO A

LITTLE TIME TRAVEL.

WE'RE GOING TO GO BACK 100

YEARS.

IN NOVEMBER 1917, THE WAR

TO END ALL WARS WAS RAGING

THROUGHOUT EUROPE, AFRICA,

AND THE MIDDLE EAST.

THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE WAS ON

THE BRINK OF COLLAPSE, AND

BRITISH FORCES WERE POISED

TO CAPTURE THE CITY OF

JERUSALEM.

100 YEARS AGO THE BRITISH

GOVERNMENT MADE A

STRATEGIC ANNOUNCEMENT: IT

WAS TIME FOR THE JEWISH

PEOPLE TO HAVE A NATIONAL

HOME.

THE BALFOUR DECLARATION

BECAME THE FIRST STEP THAT

LED TO THE CREATION OF THE

STATE OF ISRAEL 30 YEARS

LATER.

WELL, NOW WE TAKE A LOOK

BOTH AT THE MEN WHO ARE

BOTH JEWISH AND CHRISTIAN,

BEHIND THIS HISTORIC

PROCLAMATION.

Gordon: ON

NOVEMBER 2nd, 1917, THE

BRITISH GOVERNMENT ISSUED

A LETTER THAT PROMISED THE

JEWISH PEOPLE THEIR FIRST

HOMELAND IN NEARLY 2,000

YEARS.

AND WITH JUST 67 WORDS,

THE MAP OF THE WORLD

CHANGED FOREVER.

HIS MAGESTY'S

GOVERNMENT VIEW WITH FAVOR

THE ESTABLISHMENT IN

PALESTINE OF A NATIONAL

HOME FOR THE JEWISH

PEOPLE.

AND WILL USE THEIR BEST

ENDEAVORS TO FACILITATE

THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THIS

OBJECT.

IT BEING CLEARLY UNS THAT

NOTHING SHALL BE DONE

WHICH MAY PREJUDICE THE

CIVIL AND RELIGIOUS RIGHTS

OF EXISTING NON-JEWISH

COMMUNITIES IN PALESTINE

OR THE RIGHTS AND

POLITICAL STATUS ENJOYED

BY JEWS IN ANY OTHER

COUNTRY.

Gordon: IN 1917, THE

POPULATION OF PALESTINE

WAS REDOMINANTLY ARAB.

SO WHY DID THE BRITISH

ENDORSE A JEWISH HOME IN A

REGION WHERE ONLY 7% OF

THE PEOPLE WERE JEWS?

THE BALFOUR DECLARATION

WASN'T ISSUED FOR THE JEWS

IN PALESTINE.

IT WAS ISSUED FOR THE JEWS

IN DESPERATE STRAITS

OUTSIDE PALESTINE.

IN PARTICULAR, THE JEWS OF

THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE.

THERE WAS A HUGE

POPULATION OF JEWS WHO

WERE IN MORTAL DANGER.

Gordon: AT THE TURN

OF THE 20th CENTURY,

SOME 2,000 RUSSIAN JEWS

WERE KILLED IN A WAVE OF

BLOODY POGRAMS.

15 YEARS LATER, DURING

WORLD WAR I, 600,000 MORE

WERE DEPORTED BECAUSE THEY

WERE SUSPECTED OF BEING

PRO-GERMAN.

AFTER THE WAR, ANOTHER

50,000 DIED IN A NEW

SERIES OF POGRAMS.

AND HALF A MILLION WERE

LEFT HOMELESS.

THERE WERE, AT THE

TIME, SOMETHING OVER FIVE

MILLION JEWS IN THE

RUSSIAN EMPIRE.

THAT WAS A LARGER

POPULATION THAN THE

POPULATION OF THE ENTIRE

LEVANT.

PALESTINE, SYRIA, LEBANON,

INCLUDING IT ALL, IT WAS

ONLY ABOUT FOUR MILLION AT

THE TIME.

IT WAS A MAXIMUM GOOD FOR

THE MAXIMUM NUMBER OF

PEOPLE.

AND THERE WERE PEOPLE HERE

WHO WERE IN DESPERATE NEED

OF REFUGE.

Gordon: 14 YEARS

EARLIER, IN 1903, ZIONIST

LEADERS HAD ASKED GREAT

BRITAIN TO PROVIDE A SAFE

HAVEN FOR THE RUSSIAN

JEWS.

IN RESPONSE THE BRITISH

OFFERED THEM LAND IN

UGANDA, THEN UNDER BRITISH

CONTROL.

ULTIMATELY, THE ZIONISTS

TURNED DOWN THE OFFER.

BUT THEY HAD CAUGHT THE

ATTENTION OF ONE OF THE

ATTORNEYS WHO HAD HELPED

DRAFT THE SO-CALLED

"UGANDA SCHEME."

A PARLIAMENT MEMBER WITH A

LOVE FOR BIBLICAL HISTORY.

DAVID LLOYD GEORGE HAD

BEEN RAISED IN A DEEPLY

RELIGIOUS HOME IN WALES,

WHERE HE HAD STUDIED THE

HISTORY OF THE JEWISH

PEOPLE.

HE HAD BECOME CONVINCED OF

THEIR RIGHT TO RETURN TO

THEIR BIBLICAL HOMELAND.

AND OFTEN SPOKE OF PUTTING

ISRAEL BACK ON THE MAP.

AND PROVIDING A NATIONAL

HEARTH AND REFUGE FOR THE

HUNTED CHILDREN OF ISRAEL.

DURING WORLD WAR I, LLOYD

GEORGE BECAME BRITAIN'S

FIRST MINISTER OF

MUNITIONS, AND IN THIS

CAPACITY, HE MET A

SCIENTIST WHO SHARED HIS

DREAM OF A JEWISH

HOMELAND.

HEIAT THE HEIGHT OF WORLD WAR

I, GREAT BRITAIN

EXPERIENCED A CRITICAL

SHORTAGE OF ACETONE.

THE CHEMICAL NEEDED TO

CREATE THE EXPLOSIVE IN

ARTILLERY CARTRIDGES.

SO A JEWISH CHEMIST IN

MANCHESTER WENT TO WORK

AND CAME UP WITH A NEW WAY

TO CREATE ACETONE BY

FERMENTING GRAIN, CORN,

AND EVEN CHESTNUTS.

HE WORKED DAY AND NIGHT TO

REPRODUCE IT IN MASS

QUANTITIES.

AND SOON THE BRITISH WERE

PRODUCING 90,000 GALLONS A

YEAR.

THE CHEMIST WHO SAVED THE

BRITISH ARMY WAS A RUSSIAN

JEWISH MAN NAME HEIM

WEISSMAN, A ZIONIST LEADER

WHO WOULD ONE DAY BECOME

THE FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE

STATE OF ISRAEL.

HEIM WEISSMAN WAS THE

CHIEF ARCHITECT OF

DIPLOMACY.

HE FORMULATED THE CASE.

AND HE DID IT IN A VERY

PERSISTENT WAY.

HE WAS A MAN OF ACTION,

TOTALLY DRIVEN, AND ALSO A

CHARMER.

AND NOT ONLY THAT, HE PUT

TOGETHER A STRATEGY.

THE STRATEGY WAS TO GAIN

SOME KIND OF EXPLICIT

ENDORSEMENT OF THE ZIONIST

MOVEMENT, WHICH WOULD BE A

PUBLIC ONE.

Gordon: IN

MANCHESTER, WEISSMAN MADE

A NUMBER OF STRATEGIC

FRIENDSHIPS WITH MEMBERS

OF THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT.

DURING THE WAR, HE WORKED

WITH LLOYD GEORGE TO SOLVE

THE MUNITIONS CRISIS.

AND NEARLY A DECADE

EARLIER, HE HAD MET A

FORMER PRIME MINISTER WHO

BECAME A LIFE-LONG FRIEND.

LLOYD ARTHUR JAMES BALFOUR

WAS BORN IN EASTERN

SCOTLAND, AND LIKE DAVID

LLOYD GEORGE, HIS

CHILDHOOD WAS STEEPED IN

THE STORIES OF THE BIBLE.

HE CAME FROM A VERY,

VERY INTELLECTUAL FAMILY.

AND THEY WERE PRAGMATIC

PROTESTANTS.

THE BIBLE WAS PRETTY

CENTRAL TO EVERYBODY'S

EDUCATION.

THEY WOULD HAVE READ THE

OLD TESTAMENT EVERY

SUNDAY.

SO THEY WERE BROUGHT UP IN

A VERY RELIGIOUS WAY.

NOT EXTREME, BUT JUST WITH

INTENSE EDUCATION ABOUT

THE BIBLE.

SO IT WAS VERY NATURAL FOR

ANYBODY WHO WAS BROUGHT IN

THIS ENVIRONMENT TO

ASSOCIATE THE HOLY LAND

AND THE JEWS.

THEY WERE INEEXTRICABLY

LINKED.

Gordon: BALFOUR

BECAME PRIME MINISTER IN

1902.

WHILE IN OFFICE, HE

SUPPORTED THE PLAN FOR A

JEWISH HOMELAND IN UGANDA.

A FEW YEARS LATER, A

FRIEND INTRODUCED HIM TO

HEIM WEISSMAN OF

MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY, AND

THE TWO DEBATED THE MERITS

OF THE "UGANDA SCHEME" FOR

MORE THAN AN HOUR.

BUT THE RUSSIAN JEWS

NEED A SAFE HAVEN

IMMEDIATELY.

WHY NOT BRITISH EAST

AFRICA?

THE SURVIVAL OF ZIONISM

IS BASED ON A SPIRITUAL

CONVICTION.

AND THAT CONVICTIONS BASED

ON PALESTINE.

AND ON PALESTINE ALONE.

IF MOSES HAD BEEN HERE

WHEN THEY HAD PROPOSED

UGANDA, HE WOULD SURELY

HAVE BROKEN THE TABLETS

ONCE AGAIN.

[LAUGHTER]

MR. BALFOUR, SUPPOSING

I WERE TO OFFER YOU PARIS

INSTEAD OF LONDON?

WOULD YOU TAKE IT?

DR. WEISSMAN, WE HAVE

LONDON.

THAT IS TRUE.

AND WE HAD JERUSALEM WHEN

LONDON WAS NOTHING MORE

THAN A MARSH.

ARE THERE MANY JEWS WHO

THINK LIKE YOU?

I BELIEVE I SPEAK THE

MIND OF MILLIONS OF JEWS

WHO CANNOT SPEAK FOR

THEMSELVES.

IF THAT IS SO,

DR. WEISSMAN, THEN YOU

WILL ONE DAY BE A FORCE.

Gordon: LLOYD BALFOUR

HAD GONE INTO THE MEETING

HOPING TO CHANGE

WEISSMAN'S MIND.

BUT INSTEAD, HE BECAME THE

CONVERT.

AND THE JEWISH PEOPLE

GAINED AN ALLY IN ONE OF

THE MOST POWERFUL MEN IN

ENGLAND.

IN 1915, WEISSMAN'S

GROUNDBREAKING PRODUCTION

OF ACETONE WAS INVALUABLE

TO THE BRITISH WAR EFFORT,

AND HE NOW HAD THE EAR OF

THE MOST INFLUENTIAL MEN

IN ENGLAND.

DAVID LLOYD GEORGE LATER

WROTE IN HIS MEMOIRS THAT

THE BALFOUR DECLARATION

WAS A REWARD FOR

WEISSMAN'S SERVICE TO

BRITAIN.

IN RESPONSE, WEISSMAN

COMMENTED: "I WISH IT HAD

BEEN AS SIMPLE AS THAT."

IN 1916, BOTH OF

WEISSMAN'S FRIENDS WERE

PROMOTED.

DAVID LLOYD GEORGE BECAME

THE NEW PRIME MINISTER AND

LLOYD BALFOUR WAS NOW HIS

FOREIGN SECRETARY.

TOGETHER THEY FOUGHT FOR

THE ZIONIST CAUSE IN THE

NEWLY CREATED BRITISH WAR

CABINET.

BALFOUR AND LLOYD GEORGE

MAY HAVE BEEN MOTIVATED BY

RELIGION OR HISTORY, BUT

THE REST OF THE CABINET

HAD MORE PRAGMATIC REASONS

FOR BEING INVOLVED IN THE

MIDDLE EAST, INCLUDING

ACCESS TO ARAB OIL AND THE

SUEZ CANAL.

THE WAR CABINET SIGNED OFF

ON A JEWISH HOMELAND IN

PALESTINE ON ONE

CONDITION: BRITAIN'S

EUROPEAN ALLIES HAD TO

AGREE TO THE PLAN.

SO THE ZIONISTS TURNED TO

O ONONE OF THEIR MOST

AFFECTIVE AND LEAST

REMEMBERED DIPLOMATS.

THERE IS NO QUESTION

THAT TWO OTHER PEOPLE

DESERVE AS MUCH CREDIT, I

THINK, AS WEISSMAN.

ONE WAS SOCOLOV, WHO'S

TASK WAS TO GET THE BUY-IN

OF BRITAIN'S ALLIES IN

EUROPE.

REMEMBER, BRITAIN WAS PART

OF A WAR-TIME ALLIANCE.

AND THE PRIMARY ALLIES AT

THE TIME WERE FRANCE AND

ITALY.

IT WOULD HAVE BEEN

INCONCEIVABLE FOR BRITISH

TO ISSUE A COMMITMENT

REGARDING TERRITORY YET TO

BE CONQUERED WITHOUT PRIOR

CONSULTATION WITH ITS

ALLIES.

THAT WAS SOCOLOV'S JOB.

THEY SAID WE CAN'T ISSUE

THIS DECLARATION UNLESS

OUR FRENCH ALLIES ARE ON

BOARD.

AND HE EVEN GOT THE

BUY-IN FROM THE VATICAN,

WHICH WAS HISTORICALLY

HOSTILE TO ZIONISM.

HE GOT ALL OF THAT.

AND SO THAT IS HIS MAJOR

CONTRIBUTION.

Gordon: ONCE THE

EUROPEANS WERE ON BOARD,

IT WAS TIME TO DRAFT THE

TEXT.

AND IT MAY SURPRISE YOU TO

LEARN THAT LORD BALFOUR

DIDN'T ACTUALLY WRITE THE

DECLARATION THAT BEARS HIS

NAME.

BALFOUR WAS, OF COURSE,

ENGAGED IN THE PROCESS.

HE DIDN'T JUST SIT DOWN

AND DICTATE THE BALFOUR

DECLARATION TO HIS

SECRETARY.

THE UNSUNG HERO ON THE

BRITISH SIDE WAS MARK

SIKES.

THERIT WAS AS MUCH MARK SIKES'

DECLARATION AS ANYONE

ELSE.

HE SHEPHERDED THE WHOLE

THING THROUGH, INCLUDING

THE TEXT.

BALFOUR AND MARK SIKES

ASKED THE ZIONISTS TO

PROPOSE A TEST.

AND SOCOLOV WAS THE AUTHOR

OF THE TEXT.

AND ONCE THE TEXT HAD BEEN

RECEIVED, THE BRITISH

BEGAN BACK AND FORTH

EDITING IT.

IT WAS SIKES, WHO AFTER

THAT CABINET MEETING IN

WHICH THE BALFOUR

DECLARATION WAS ADOPTED,

WHO STEPPED OUT OF THE

MEETING AND TOLD HIM, IT'S

A BOY.

Gordon: FROM THE

START, IT WAS IMPORTANT

FOR THE DECLARATION TO BE

A PUBLIC ONE.

HERZL, 20 YEARS

EARLIER, CONVENED THE

FIRST ZIONIST CONFERENCE.

HE WAS A TOTAL FAILURE AS

A DIPLOMAT.

HE DIDN'T GET ANY POWER TO

SIGN ON TO THE DOCUMENT.

WHAT WAS NEEDED WAS A

PUBLIC DECLARATION.

ONCE IT WAS MADE PUBLIC,

ONCE IT BECAME PART OF

INTERNATIONAL LAW, IT

BECAME A MATTER OF BRITISH

HONOR AND CREDIBILITY TO

UPHOLD IT.

Gordon: THE

DECLARATION WAS ISSUED IN

THE FORM OF A LETTER FROM

LLOYD BALFOUR TO ONE OF

BRITAIN'S MOST PROMOTE

JEWISH LEADERS, LORD

WALTER ROTHSCHILD.

IT INCLUDES A PHRASE OF

CRUCIAL IMPORTANCE TO

UNDERSTANDING THE

BREAKTHROUGH IT

REPRESENTED.

SOCOLOV WAS SOMEONE WHO

SAID, LET'S KEEP IT VAGUE,

BUT THE WORD HE USED WAS

"PREGNANT," , PREGNANTPREGNANT,"PREGNANT,"
PREGNANT WITH

MEANING.

BECAUSE IF HE ASKED FOR A

JEWISH STATE AT THAT

POINT, THERE PROBABLY

WOULD HAVE BEEN TOO MUCH

OPPOSITION.

THE KEY PHRASE THERE IS

THE JEWISH PEOPLE.

THE JEWS HAD BEEN

CONSIDERED, UNTIL THAT

TIME, AS RELIGION.

BY DESCRIBING THEM AS A

PEOPLE, THIS IS A

TRANSFORMATION OF THE

STATUS OF THE JEWS.

FROM A RELIGIOUS COMMUNITY

INTO A PEOPLEHOOD AND

NATIONHOOD.

THAT'S A HUGE

TRANSFORMATION OF THE

STATUS OF JEWS.

Gordon: AS THE DRAFT

EVOLVED, THE ZIONISTS

FACED ONE MORE HURTLE:

WHEN THE UNITED STATES

DECLARED WAR ON GERMANY.

ONCE THE UNITED STATES

ENTERED THE WAR, IT BECAME

CLEAR THAT THE BRITISH HAD

TO CLEAR THE BALFOUR

DECLARATION WITH YET

ANOTHER ALLY.

THE BRITISH WAR CABINET

MADE IT QUITE CLEAR THEY

WOULD NOT ISSUE A

DECLARATION UNLESS THE

UNITED STATES WAS ON

BOARD.

AGAIN, THEY SENT THE

ZIONISTS ON A MISSION TO

DO JUST THAT.

Gordon: THE ZIONIST

ENLISTED SUPREME COURT

JUSTICE LOUIS BRANDIS TO

PRESENT THE PLAN TO WOOD

WOODROW WILSON.

AND AT FIRST HE WAS

VERY STANDOFFISH.

ORIGINALLY HE REJECTED THE

SUPPORT FOR SUCH A

DECLARATION, BUT HE WAS

SHOWN THE ACTUAL TEXT AND

HE HAD A CHANGE OF HEART.

Gordon: THE BRITISH

HAD FINALLY WON AMERICAN

SUPPORT, BUT THEY STILL

FACED OPPOSITION HERE AT

HOME, AND SURPRISINGLY,

MUCH OF IT CAME FROM THE

JEWISH COMMUNITY.

THERE WAS OPPOSITION

WITHIN THE CABINET BY ONE

OF ITS JEWISH MEMBERS,

EDWIN MONTAGUE, WHO

THOUGHT THAT THE BAL BALFOUR

DECLARATION WAS EVIDENCE

OF THE ANTI-SEMITISM OF

THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT.

Gordon: MONTAGUE AND

OTHER BRITISH JEWS

INSISTED THEY HAD AS MUCH

RIGHT AS ANY CHRISTIAN TO

LIVE IN GREAT BRITAIN, AND

THEY DIDN'T WANT WEISSMAN

FORCING THEM TO SETTLE IN

THE JUDEAN DESERT OR TILL

THE ORANGE GROVES OF

JAFFA.

SEVERAL BRITISH MILITARY

LEADERS ALSO OPPOSED THE

DECLARATION, ARGUING THAT

IT NEGLECTED THE ARABS OF

PALESTINE.

TO SATISFY THEIR

OBJECTIONS, NEW LINES WERE

ADDED TO THE TEXT.

ONE EMPHASIZING THE RIGHTS

OF NON-JEWS IN PALESTINE,

AND ANOTHER GUARANTEEING

THE RIGHTS OF JEWS WHO

WISHED TO REMAIN IN THEIR

CURRENT COUNTRIES.

WHAT THE BALFOUR

DECLARATION DOES IS FOR

THE FIRST TIME A MAJOR

POWER IN THE WORLD COMES

FORWARD IN A PUBLIC WAY

AND SAYS, WE RECOGNIZE THE

RIGHT THAT THE JEWS CLAIM

FOR THEMSELVES.

REMEMBER, THE BALFOUR

DECLARATION DOESN'T

EXPLAIN ITSELF.

IT DOESN'T MENTION

HISTORICAL RIGHTS.

IT DOESN'T MENTION DIVINE

PROVIDENCE.

IT IS SIMPLY A STATEMENT

OF INTENT.

SO IT MAKES NO

JUSTIFICATION FOR ITSELF.

BUT IN SOME WAYS, THAT'S

THE POETIC VIRTUE OF THE

BALFOUR DECLARATION, THAT

IT ASSUMES THAT IT NEEDS

NO JUSTIFICATION.

THE JEWS HAVE THIS RIGHT.

IT CANNOT BE EXPRESSED IN

A FORMULA.

IT CANNOT BE BOILED DOWN

INTO SOME GLIB SENTENCE OR

TWO.

IT'S FUNDAMENTAL.

Gordon: ON

NOVEMBER 2nd, 1917, THE

FINAL LETTER, SIGNED BY

BALFOUR, WAS SENT TO LLOYD

ROTHSCHILD.

A WEEK AFTER THAT, IT WAS

PUBLISHED IN NEWSPAPERS

AROUND THE WORLD.

LEAFLETS OF THE TEXT WERE

THERE AIR-DROPPED OVER

JEWISH COMMUNITIES IN

GERMANY, AUSTRIA, AND

PARTS OF RUSSIA.

IN BRITAIN, STILL IN THE

THROES OF A WORLD WAR,

REACTION TO THE LETTER WAS

UNDERWHELMING.

IT REALLY DIDN'T ARISE

A GREAT DEAL OF INTEREST.

THE BALFOUR DECLARATION

MEANT SO MUCH MORE IN SO

MANY OTHER COUNTRIES,

OTHER THAN BRITAIN.

Gordon: IN PALESTINE,

THE ARABS MORE THAN MADE

UP FOR THE BRITISH

RESPONSE.

WITH RIOTS, BOYCOTTS, AND

ATTACKS ON JEWISH

SETTLEMENTS.

IT WAS THE JEWS WHO

MADE THE MOST OF THE

OPPORTUNITY.

AND THE ARABS WHO MADE THE

LEAST OF THE OPPORTUNITY

THAT WAS PRESENTED TO

THEM, ALSO IN THE BALFOUR

DECLARATION.

IF THEY HAD EXCEEDED TO

THE CREATION OF A NATIONAL

HOME IN PARAMETERS WHICH

MIGHT HAVE BEEN DEFINED IN

NEGOTIATIONS WITH THE JEWS

INSTEAD OF IN RESISTANCE

WITH THE JEWS, PERHAPS WE

WOULD LIVE IN A DIFFERENT

REALITY TODAY.

BUT THEY REJECTED THE

BALFOUR DECLARATION, THEY

REJECTED THE MANDATE AND

THE PARTITION PLAN, AND

ULTIMATELY PAID THE PRICE

FOR THAT REJECTION.

Gordon: THREE YEARS

AFTER THE DECLARATION WAS

PUBLISHED, THE ALLIES

GATHERED IN SAN RAMO,

ITALY, TO DIVIDE THE LAND

THEY HAD CONQUERED IN

WORLD WAR I.

UNDER THE SAN RAMO TREATY,

THE BRITISH WERE NOW

LEGALLY OBLIGATED TO

FULFILL THE PROMISE OF THE

BALFOUR DECLARATION.

AND FOR THE JEWISH PEOPLE,

WHAT WAS ONCE A DREAM WAS

NOW PART OF INTERNATIONAL

LAW.

I'M VERY PROUD OF IT,

REALLY.

IT WAS A TREMENDOUS

HUMANITARIAN GESTURE AT

THE END OF THE DAY.

IT WAS TAKING A PEOPLE WHO

ARE CONSTANTLY PERSECUTED

IN ALL CORNERS OF THE

EARTH, AND AT THAT TIME

PARTICULARLY IN RUSSIA,

AND FINDING THEM SOMEWHERE

TO GO AND LIVE, A REFUGE,

A PLACE WHERE INDIGENOUSLY

THE JEWS CAME FROM

ACCORDING TO THE BIBLE.

Gordon: TWO MONTHS

AFTER THE SAN RAMO

CONFERENCE, THE BRITISH

TOOK CONTROL OF PALESTINE.

BUT IT WOULD BE ANOTHER

THREE DECADES AFTER THE

BALFOUR DECLARATION BEFORE

THE JEWS WOULD HAVE THEIR

STATE.

THE JEWS NEEDED A HOME

IN WHICH TO SURVIVE.

AND THEY FOUGHT TO ACHIEVE

IT.

AND SOMETIMES THEY FOUGHT

AGAINST THE BRITISH TO

ACHIEVE IT.

THE BALFOUR DECLARATION

WAS AN OPENING, BUT IT WAS

THE JEWS WHO KEPT THE

PROMISE OF THE BALFOUR

DECLARATION, NOT THE

BRITISH.

IT WAS THE JEWS WHO MADE

IT HAPPEN.

Gordon: WELL, THAT

WAS A LOOK AT THE HISTORY.

IF YOU DON'T KNOW THE

HISTORY, YOU CAN'T

UNDERSTAND TODAY'S

HEADLINES.

WHEN YOU UNDERSTAND HOW IT

WAS INTERNATIONAL LAW THAT

CREATED THE STATE OF

ISRAEL, BOTH FROM THE

BALFOUR DECLARATION, THEN

TO THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS,

AND THEN FINALLY TO THE

U.N. IN 1948.

AND THEN TO THE

REUNIFICATION OF JERUSALEM

IN 1967.

IF YOU WANT TO KNOW MORE

ABOUT THE HISTORY OF

ISRAEL, WE'VE GOT

SOMETHING FOR YOU.

IT'S CALLED "IN OUR HANDS:

THE BATTLE FOR JERUSALEM."

IT TELLS THE STORY OF THE

SIX-DAY WAR FROM THE POINT

OF VIEW OF THE SOLDIERS

WHO ACTUALLY FOUGHT THE

BATTLES.

THE 55th PARATROOPER

BRIGADE THAT RECAPTURED

JERUSALEM, REUNIFIED

JERUSALEM AFTER SO MANY

CENTURIES OF DIVISION, OF

BEING UNDER CONTROL OF THE

OTTOMANS, THE PERSIANS --

ALL KINDS OF DIFFERENT

EMPIRES HAVE CONTROLLED

JERUSALEM.

BUT HERE IT IS BACK IN THE

HANDS OF THE JEWS AFTER

2,000 YEARS, AFTER TITUS

CONQUERED JERUSALEM IN

8070.

IT IS YOURS FOR A GIFT OF

$10 -- I'M SORRY, IT IS

$15 OR MORE.

CALL US: 1-800-700-7000.

> WELL, AFTER THE BREAK,

IT HAS BEEN TWO MONTHS

SINCE HURRICANE MARIA

FLATTENED THE ENTIRE

ISLAND OF PUERTO RICO.

CLEAN WATER IS IN

URGENT NEED HERE AND IT

HAS BEEN FOR A LONG TIME.

WE CAN'T FIND CLEAN

DRINKING WATER ANYWHERE.

Gordon: SEE HOW

"OPERATION BLESSING" IS

BRINGING CLEAN WATER TO

THOSE IN NEED AND HOW YOU

CAN HELP.

ALL OF THAT WHEN WE COME

BACK.

Gordon: WIDESPREAD

DAMAGE STILL COVERS THE

ISLAND OF PUERTO RICO MORE

THAN A MONTH AFTER

HURRICANE MARIA DEVASTATED

THE ISLAND.

BUT IT IS WHAT CAN'T BE

SEEN THAT WORRIES DOCTORS:

BACTERIA IN THE WATER

COULD LEAD TO MAJOR HEALTH

PROBLEMS.

WELL, O "OPERATION BLESSING"

IS THERE, MAKING SURE

THERE IS CLEAN, SAFE,

DRINKING WATER.

Reporter: I'M IN THE

COLLISIUM, HERE WHERE THE

CITY MUNICIPALITIES HAVE

BEEN WORKING OUT OF,

PROVIDING FOOD FOR THE

PEOPLE IN PUERTO RICO.

AND IT IS ALSO HERE WHERE

"OPERATION BLESSING" HAS

BEEN WORKING OUT OF SINCE

DAY ONE AFTER THE

HURRICANE.

THEY'VE BEEN HERE, PRO

E VIDEINPROVIDING CLEAN, SAFE

DRINKING WATER.

"OPERATION BLESSING"

HAS ALL SORTS OF AMAZING

TOOLS FOR PURIFYING WATER,

EVERY FROM SMALL FAMILY

UNITS TO LARGER

COMMUNITIES THEY WERE PUT

IN THE COMMUNITY AND THEY

CAN DO UP TO 1800 GALLONS

A DAY.

Reporter: IT COULDN'T

HAVE COME AT A BETTER

TIME, BECAUSE THE AT LEAST

75 CASES OF BACTERIA HAVE

BEEN FOUND HERE.

IT TENDS TO SPREAD AFTER

FLOODING.

SERIOUS CASES OF INFECTION

CAN CAUSE ORGAN FAILURE

AND EVEN DEATH.

"OPERATION BLESSING"

HAS BEEN HERE SINCE DAY

ONE, AND WE'RE GOING TO

CONTINUE TO PROVIDE CLEAN

WATER TO THE PEOPLE OF

PUERTO RICO, AMONGST OTHER

THINGS.

Reporter: SO FAR

"OPERATION BLESSING" HAS

INSTALLED 11

COMMUNITY-SIZED WATER

FILTRATION SYSTEMS

THROUGHOUT PUERTO RICO.

WATER FILLED OUR HOME,

AND NOW WE CAN'T FIND

CLEAN DRINKING WATER

ANYWHERE.

Reporter: NOW THINKS

TO O.B., CLEAN WATER IS

FLOWING FROM WATERS IN THE

NORTH TO THE EAST, TO THE

HOSPITAL ON THE ISLAND OF

VIECAS.

THIS IS THE WATER

SUPPLY FOR 10,000 PEOPLE.

AND "OPERATION BLESSING"

IS KEEPING IT GOING.

ROR AND "OPERATION

BLESSING" CREW MEMBERS ARE

MAKING CHLORINE.

WORKERS SAY JUST A CAPFUL

WITH EVERY FIVE GALLONS OF

WATER CAN KILL HARMFUL

BACTERIA AND MAKE IT SAFE

TO DRINK.

YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE

AND PROVIDE CLEAN DRINKING

WATER TO THE PEOPLE OF

PUERTO RICO.

YOU CAN VISIT

operationblessing.org.

ERIC GONZALES, CBN NEWS,

PORPUERTO RICO.

Gordon: IF YOU WANT

TO BE PART OF THE RELIEF

EFFORT IN PUERTO RICO, ALL

YOU HAVE TO DO IS GO TO

THE PHONE AND CALL US:

1-800-700-7000.

AND JUST SAY, I WANT TO BE

PART OF THE "OPERATION

BLESSING" DISASTER RELIEF

IN PUERTO RICO.

WE'VE GOT A SPECIAL FUND

THAT HANDLES OR DISASTER

RELIEF EFFORTS THAT ARE

ONGOING IN HOUSTON,

ONGOING IN FLORIDA, AND

YOU CAN ALSO WRITE US AT

CBN CENTER, THE DISASTER

RELIEF FUND, VIRGINIA

BEACH, VIRGINIA, 23463.

OR YOU CAN GO ONLINE AT

"OPERATION BLESSING'S"

WEBSITE, ob.org.

AND JUST REALIZE, IF YOU

WERE IN THE MIDDLE OF THAT

DISASTER AND YOU DIDN'T

HAVE ACCESS TO FRESH

WATER, WOULDN'T YOU WANT

TO HAVE THAT?

AND WE TAKE IT FOR

GRANTED.

WE GO TO THE TAP, WE TURN

IT ON, AND THERE IS FRESH,

CLEAN DRINKING WATER.

BUT FOR THOSE IN PUERTO

RICO RIGHT NOW, THERE

ISN'T THAT.

SO WE WANT TO BE THERE FOR

THEM.

WE WANT TO HELP THEM.

AND WHETHER IT IS THE

EARTHQUAKE IN MEXICO CITY,

THE HORRIBLE HURRICANES IN

TEXAS AND FLORIDA, THE

HORRIBLE HURRICANE MARIA

THAT HIT PUERTO RICO --

PEOPLE ARE HURTING.

PEOPLE ARE SUFFERING, AND

WE WANT TO BE THERE.

OUR MOTTO IS: WHEN

DISASTERS STRIKE, WE WANT

TO STRIKE BACK WITH LOVE

AND COMPASSION, TO LET

PEOPLE KNOW GOD LOVES

THEM, AND WE LOVE THEM,

TOO.

YOU CAN BE A PART OF IT.

CALL US, 1-800-700-7000.

> HERE IS A WORD FROM

THE BIBLE: "DEATH AND LIFE

ARE IN THE POWER OF THE

TONGUE, AND THOSE WHO LOVE

IT WILL EAT ITS FRUIT."

GOD BLESS YOU.

WE'LL SEE YOU AGAIN.

EMBED THIS VIDEO


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