- [Lorie Johnson] Shocking asit may sound, when a person
becomes sick and dies, toooften, doctors find the
trouble started in the intestines,
because of a disruption in bacteria.
Over the last decades,scientists in labs like this
have been researching theimpact of the gut microbiome
on all types of diseases.
What they've discovered isthe good and bad bacteria
in our bodies has a muchmore profound impact
than previously thought.
Doctor J Bajaj leads a research team at
Virginia Commonwealth University.
He says bacteria living in our intestines
dramatically influenceseach aspect of our health,
literally from head to toe.
- [Dr. Bajaj] Their potentialis still being unraveled,
to the point that even 10years is too little for us
to even scratch the surfaceof the amount of complexity
and the potential thatwe have, both for good
and for harm, in the gut microbes.
- [Lorie] Harm, such asliver disease, one of the
leading causes of death and disability.
- It goes from the spectrum of hepatitis,
obesity induced liver disease,alcohol, all the way to
end stage with cancer,as well as cirrhosis.
- [Lorie] Dr. Bajaj saystoo much bad bacteria
- Inflamed liver doesn'tdo its job very well,
the gut gets more inflamed,and this unfortunately
leads to the cycle thatpatients find themselves into
liver disease without knowing it.
- [Lorie] And it's notjust that problem that can
sneak up on someone.
- There are a number ofdiseases that have been linked
to aberrations in the gut microbiome.
- [Lorie] Johns Hopkins'gastroenterologist,
Dr. Gerard Mullin, author of"The Gut Balance Revolution",
says folks need to know,intestinal problems can
lead to cancer, and otherlife-threatening issues.
- What's most alarmingis that there are people
out there who have rheumatoidarthritis, some kind of
autoimmune disease, andcardiovascular disease that
may have a gut condition thatis silent and is the cause.
- [Lorie] He says, whilewe may seem okay when we're
younger, it eventually catches up to us.
- When we reach our 50's, 60's on up, then
all of a sudden it becomesmore sensitive to the
environment and less stable.
So in particular, theelderly are more susceptible
to variations in the environment that may
disturb the microbiome.
- [Lorie] The ClevelandClinic's Dr. Gail Cresci says
the gut also profoundlyaffects thoughts and feelings.
All thanks to the gut-brainaxis, a well-traveled
pathway between the mind andthis crucial part of the body.
- Gut bacteria secretedifferent by-products,
and some of the thingsthat they secrete are
neurotransmitters thatleave the intestinal tract,
and signal to the brainand these are things like
serotonin and dopamine, andwe know those then become
into the bloodstream and can get into
the brain and help affect mood.
So a lot of anxiety disorders,depression are related
with alterations in gut microbiota.
- [Lorie] Also Parkinson's,autism, Alzheimer's,
and multiple sclerosis.
An unhealthy gut can even keepdrugs from doing their jobs.
- [Dr. Cresci] So if you'retaking an oral medication,
that's being processedby your gut microbiome,
and if you think about howsome people are responders
to medication and somepeople aren't, it could be
because they have alterationsin their gut microbiome
then the other person doesn't.
- This is the MayoClinic's anaerobic chamber,
where scientists growand study bacteria that
die when exposed to oxygen.
Believe it or not, wehave a lot of anaerobic
bacteria in our bodies,because a good portion of
our intestines are oxygen free.
Researchers here say theright kind of bacteria means
the lining of our intestinescontains tiny, helpful
holes that allow microscopicnutrients into our bodies.
Too much bad bacteria, however,causes those holes to grow.
- Which means it allows morethings to pass through it,
things which are not desirable.
And yes, I mean there'sa lot of diseases like
Celiac disease,inflammatory bowel disease,
where the gut lining is not as robust.
- [Lorie] Dr. Mark Hyman agrees.
Adding that when large particles leak out,
the immune system sees themas invaders and attacks them.
- [Dr. Hyman] Well, we've hada lot of insults to our gut,
and that leads to disturbancesin our own gut microbiome,
that creates breakdown inour gut lining, that creates
a leaky gut, that createsinflammation, that's
linked to almost all diseases.
- [Lorie] In his book,"Food", Dr. Hyman outlines
how to repair a leaky gut.
- [Dr. Hyman] We need tounderstand how to restore the
gut when it probiotics,and fiber and prebiotics.
It's a massive publichealth problem, and I think
it's led to a lot of other issues.
- Lorie's here with us.
Lorie, it's amazing, howmany doctors really know
about what you're talking about here?
- More and more every day.
I went to the leading healthcenters around the country.
The Cleveland Clinic, theMayo Clinic, Johns Hopkins,
VCU, and they all havevery robust microbiome
research going on.
It's a very new field, but it is on fire.
This is where it's at.
- Now we've got all theselittle things in our stomach.
More of, you say it'strillions of them, trillions.
- Alright. What kills them?
- Well, we're going totalk about that tomorrow,
and tomorrow's episode,save the best for last,
is all about all the terriblethings that we do to destroy
our gut microbiome, and justto give you a little preview,
antibiotics, you alreadymentioned that, a bad diet,
being born a certaintype of way, C-sections,
I hate to say that, but it'strue, formula vs. breastmilk,
we'll get into all thedetails of what we do
to destroy our gut.
But as we were talkingabout today, one of the main
effects of a bad gutis called a leaky gut,
and so many people suffer from this.
I brought a little demonstration.
This is what a healthy gutlooks like, it's semi-permeable.
It has tiny little holes init to let good nutrients out.
But if you mess up your gutmicrobiome, what happens
is some of these holes becomelarge, see how large that is?
- [Pat] Yeah, yeah, okay.
- And big proteins sneakout of your gut lining and
into your body, whichcauses an immune reaction,
it causes your immunesystem to activate, and
causes all kinds of awfulinflammation, not to mention
- [Pat] So the body treatswhatever is leaking from your
gut as an invader.
- Absolutely, if it's too big.
- I mean, our intestinallining are semipermeable,
they have tiny littleholes, and that's fine.
- [Pat] What creates these holes?
- Bad gut bacteria.
- Bad lifestyle, yes.
So it's when the good and the bad bacteria
are not in harmony.
- Take an average 10year old child, what does
he or she eat that isscrewing up the gut biome?
- Well, mostly sugar, and antibiotics.
These antibiotics, by verydefinition, kill bacteria.
That's what antibiotics do.
And it wasn't untilvery, very recently that
we realized we need a lot of our bacteria.
How many decades have webeen associating the word
'bacteria' with something bad?
Turns out, most bacteria are great!
- I've got somethingthat I take right here.
It's called, well you knowabout this, tell me about it.
They say that it's aprebiotic and a probiotic.
Talk about that.
- Right, well the prebioticsare actually the bacterias.
So you want prebiotics,we need prebiotics.
It's a great way to get them through food
or through supplements.
The prebiotics are thebacteria themselves,
the probiotics are what the bacteria eat.
Bacteria are alive, they need to eat.
And what they like to eatare things called prebiotics,
which is basically fiber.
What's fiber? Vegetables, fruit,
not fruit juice, there'sno fiber in fruit juice.
Whole fruits, things likebeans and whole grains like
oatmeal, I know you loveyour oatmeal every morning.
- Absolutely, I had oatmeal, yeah.
- Yeah, so those are what the prebiotics
and the probiotics are.
- [Pat] This comes fromthe Vitamin Shoppe,
and it's called an ultimateprobiotic and it has
billions of units ofprobiotic, now is this good?
Is this okay?
- Well the thing about supplements is
they're not very strictly regulated by the
Food and Drug Administration.
So consumer labs did a studywhere they looked at a bunch of
probiotics and compared whatthey claimed were in them,
and what were actually in them.
And what were actually in themwas not what they claimed.
So sometimes probiotics aregreat, and they're exactly
what they claim to be,and sometimes they're not.
- Are they supposed to berefrigerated or is that a lie?
- Some of them, the best ones,do need to be refrigerated
because they containbacteria that are alive
and need to be refrigerated.
Some probiotics have bacteria in them that
don't need to be refrigerated.
- Is it possible to namea couple of the good ones?
- I like Garden of Life,that's the one that I like.
And what I really like about it is,
you can buy it at healthfood stores and also at
Whole Foods, and it is inthe refrigerated section
but Garden of Life alsois sold at Walmart.
It has the ones that don'tneed to be refrigerated,
so fewer strains of bacteria.
And the reason I likeGarden of Life is because
I happen to know the man who makes them,
Dr. David Perlmutter.
He's actually been aguest on our show before,
he's a man of faith,he's a man of integrity,
he's brilliant, and heknows what he's doing.
So I trust him.
Some of the people who arefeatured in our series this week,
Dr. Mark Hyman, Dr. GerardMullin, they have websites
and you can find their websiteson our website, CBN.com,
and they recommend different probiotics.
You have to get them inthe mail, you have to order
them online, but they're also good, too.
So if you know somebody whoknows a thing or two about
probiotics, you mightwant to ask them, whether
it's your doctor, obviouslyyou've been consulted on these.
I like the fact that they're organic.
Sometimes probioticsand prebiotics have the
USP seal on them, which means they've been
tested by a reputable organization.
So there are a lot of good ones out there,
and there are a lot ofbad ones out there, too.
- So, the average kid
is being besieged with antibiotics
to kill infection, and he or she is eating
nothing but junk food, Cokes or
how about these sweeteners and stuff?
- Oh, the artificial sweeteners.
Sugar is bad, artificialsweeteners are even worse
for your gut microbiome.
Nevermind the fact that theyhave shown in research studies
that artificial sweetenersmake you gain weight.
And there's a whole big long explanation,
we talked about it a little bit yesterday.
Bottom line is artificialsweeteners are terrible.
And moms think they're doingthe right thing by their kids,
getting them sugar-free,this, that and the other.
But they're really not.
- Like Sweet 'n Low, Splenda, these?
- Right, all the ones thatare generally marketed.
Now, there are a couple goodones out there, but really
you're better to stay awayfrom anything that's sweet.
Just remove the taste ofsweet from your mouth,
after a few weeks, you won't even want it.
You'll eat a grape and think,yikes, that's too sweet!
Because our taste buds do change.
- Now what do we got tomorrow coming up?
- Well tomorrow is reallyperhaps my favorite episode.
We had to set the stageyesterday and today about all,
why the gut microbiome is so important.
Tomorrow is the worst thingsyou can do to your gut.
So these are the thingsthat you have to avoid.
You have to shut off the faucet
before Thursday, we'regonna talk about all
the great things to doto make a healthy gut.
- [Pat] Okay.
- But tomorrow we're gonna talk about all
the ways that we mess it up.
- This little book we made available,
we've already had 17,000people requested it.
- [Lorie] Oh, good!
My prayers are being answered.
- [Pat] It's called "Build a Better Gut",
and we're giving it to you free,
but it's got some nice things.
Tell us what's in here.
- We're talking about whatthe gut microbiome is,
because a lot of people havenever even heard of it before,
so we explain exactly what it is.
It's a mixture of good and bad bacteria.
And how the good bacteriaare so important,
and what happens to you whenyou don't have that right
mixture of good and bad bacteria.
The worst things you can do to your gut,
and the best thingsyou can do to your gut.
So I know a lot of peopleare in the audience thinking,
oh no, how do I remember all of this?
There it is, right there.
All written down and theprice is right, it's free.
- It's free.
And I'm looking forward totomorrow, all the terrible
things that you can do to hurt yourself.
- I guarantee people will be shocked.
- They will be shocked.
- Oh, yes.
- Well get ready to be shocked tomorrow.
And you can dial 1-800-700-7000,
and you can ask for this andwe'll send it to you free,
how about that?