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Gutenberg Press - The Superbook Show

The history of Thanksgiving: pigs, turkeys, fasting and prayer! Read Transcript


- Welcome to the Superbook Show.

Today we're talkingabout tech, right Quinn?

- Yeah, sure.

(phone clicking)

(whooshing)

(camera clicking)

- Whatcha doin'?

- Updating Facebookwith all the cool stuff

we're seeing here athe Museum of the Bible.

- You're on your phone a lot.

- I love this thing.

I can stay connected,I can look up anything

and I've got theSuperbook Bible App on it.

- [Both] Product placement.

- Tech, pretty cool right?

- Uh, yeah, tech is amazing.

- What do you think wasthe most amazing tech ever?

- Mm.

The phone is pretty cool.

A computer you can carry around with you.

Computers, what would ourphones be without them?

- Those are both.

- Then there's television,

game stations, iPods, motorcycles.

- Very good tech, but I'm.

- Ooh, ooh, the app that tells you when

you're near a restaurant.

Has black bottom banana creme pie

or the app that lights upwhen Krispy Kreme donuts

are hot and fresh or the app that.

- Great apps, one and all,but what if I told you

that there was a piece of tech that caused

the fall of empires.

- Empires?

Plural, that would be powerful.

- Or a tech that causedthe rise of democracy.

- Nice.

- How about a piece oftech that led to the idea

of universal education.

- Universal education?

- Everyone should get to go to school.

- You mean there was atime when I didn't have

to go to school.

- Focus.

- Or a piece of tech that led to the

modern scientific revolution.

- Hold on, you're leading up to something,

cough it up.

- Everything I just mentionedfrom modern democracy

to the scientificrevolution, all came from

the same piece of technology.

- What, what, tell me all about it.

- Better yet, let's talk to an expert.

- Hi, everyone.

- Hey, how are you?

- I'm good, how are you guys today?

- [Both] Good.

- What are your names?

- My name is Alitheia.

- [Jackie] Alitheia,it's nice to meet you.

- And I'm Quinn.

- And you're Quinn, it's nice to meet you.

- My name is Jackie.

Thank you so much for joiningus today at the museum.

Now this very impressive pieceof machinery behind me here,

this is what is usedto print the very first

printed book in the western hemisphere,

the Gutenberg Bible.

So before this comesalong in the year 1450,

books and Bibles have tobe written out by hand.

How long do you think it would take

to write out a Bible?

- Uh, years.

- [Jackie] How about you Quinn?

- Probably a very long time.

- A very long time is correct.

I don't know if you'veseen a Bible before,

but they're very long.

So it can sometimes take up to three years

to write out a single Bible.

Now if you're very good at it,

sometimes it can only take up to a year,

but I think we can all agree,

a very long time.

Now beginning in the year1452 Johannes Gutenberg

over in Mainz, Germany, takes a machine

that looked a little something like this

and he printed 180 copies of the Bible

in that same span of three years.

So this is a lot quicker right?

- Yeah.

- A lot.

- Now because it's so much faster

and so much cheaper to produce books,

this makes books much more available for

the common person, you know,

not just the nobility,not just the clergy,

but the common man,people like you and me.

We were finally able tobuy books for ourselves.

Now up until this point,none of us knew how to read,

but because we can buy books now, we start

to learn how to read and so literacy rates

across Europe skyrocket after this

and at the beginning of the 1400s,

there was only about 100,000 books

in the western hemisphere,

by the end of the 1400s aswe do into the renaissance,

there may have been asmany as 10 million books.

All thanks to this machine right here.

Now believe it or not,this machine right here

behind me, this could be completely wrong.

We have no idea whatGutenberg's press looked like

because no images survived of the

Gutenberg printing press, so like I said,

this could be completelyand utterly wrong.

Now with that being said,many scholars do agree

it was probably based offa wine or an olive press

like we have here,hence the corkscrew top,

so would you two like to help me print

a page of the Bible today?

- [Both] Yeah.

- Awesome, come on up.

All right my friends.

So what do you see here?

What does this look like?

- Some sort of text.

- [Jackie] Text is correct.

Do you happen to knowwhat language this is?

- Oh, it looks like German.

- German's a good guess,how about you Quinn.

- Hebrew maybe?

- [Jackie] Hebrew's also a good guess,

but it's actually in Latin.

So Gutenberg was printingbetween the years

of 1452 and 1455.

This is about 70 years beforethe Protestant reformation

so there were no Bibles in languages that

people like you and mewould actually understand.

No German, no English,nothing like that, only Latin,

the language of the church.

Now you two are in luck because we are not

using Gutenberg's moveable type today.

This, as you can seeis not going anywhere.

However, at the time ofGutenberg, it would have been

the job of you two, myapprentices to take every

single individual letter that you see here

and arrange it backwardsin a complete mirror image

of what we would read on a printed page

and as an added bonus in Latin as well.

So, how long do you think it would take

to set up just one page?

- Probably a couple days.

- Yeah, maybe a coupledays, close to a week?

- Not quite that long,but it can sometimes take

up to 14 hours to set up just one page,

so I'm very glad we don'thave to do that today.

Now Quinn, can you grabthose two ink balls

that you see over there, those mushrooms.

Yes.

Now go ahead, can yougive one to Alitheia.

Now what does thismaterial feel like here,

what does that feel like?

- Leather.- Leather.

- [Jackie] Leather's correct.

At the time of Gutenberg, they were using

dog hide at the time, but don't worry,

no puppies were harmed inthe making of these replicas

and they are stuffed with wool or hair.

Now, can I have these please?

So what they would doat the time of Gutenberg

is we would roll the inkbetween the balls like this

and then we would take oneball and rock it back and forth

across like that untilwe had an even coverage

across the page.

Now by the 1700s, printersbegan applying ink

using rollers, which iswhat we are gonna use today

'cause it's much easier.

So, Alitheia, can you please put that back

over there for me.

Quinn, could you grab that roller there.

- Yes.

- And pass it on over to me.

So, what we're goingto do today my friends,

you two are gonna stand right there.

I'm gonna roll thisacross the letters to you

and then you're gonna rollit on back to me okay?

Here we go.

So nice and easy just like that.

Go ahead, you can eachget a hand on a side.

Excellent, have you two done this before.

- [Both] No.

- It's a great technique.

Okay, can someone putthis back for me please.

Thank you so much.

All right, Alitheia, can you please grab

that picture frame right there.

That's the one, yes my friend.

Now this right here,this is called a frisket.

Can you two say frisket?

- [Both] Frisket.

- Very good.

It's like a biscuit, but you don't want

to dip it in gravy.

Now the frisket here, thisholds and stabilizes the paper

during the printing process,so what we're going to do,

I'm going to line this up for us here

and can you each geta hand on the frisket.

So on my count we'regoing to very gently lay

this on the type set,ready, one, two, three.

Very gently, excellent.

Okay, can someone please slide the casket

underneath the platen there.

Very good.

All right, can I have afriend stand right there

and another friend stand over here for me.

Excellent.

Now when I say go, you'regoing to pass that lever

across to this side of the press here

and we're gonna turnthe corkscrew and lower

the platen here onto thefrisket paper and type set

and we press the ink down onto the page,

hence the name printing press.

All right, go ahead, bringthat on across please.

Keep going.

(arm clanking)

Very good.

Can you bring this back for me please?

(arm clanking)

All right, excellent work.

Now can someone pleaseslide the casket back

out to the pin there.

I'm going to take care ofthe last and final step,

but our last and finalstep we are going to

remove the frisket andreveal our printed page,

so can I get a drum rollplease from the two of you.

(banging hands)

- Dun, dun, dun, da.

That's what we have.

Not bad you two.

Not bad at all, can I get high fives.

- Yeah.

- Great work today.

Thank you so much for helping me.

(whooshing)

- Just think, we wouldn't have this thing

if we didn't have the printing press.

- And we wouldn't have a Superbook Show

if we didn't have our fans.

Please like this video and subscribe.

- Tell your friendsabout the Superbook Show

and come visit us on Facebook.

- And download the freeSuperbook Bible app.

- [Both] Product placement.

- See you soon.

Everything.

(clapping)

(laughing)

- [Director] High energy.

- Do I have a line?

- What he does?

- That was my childhood basically.

- Whatcha doin'?

- I mean I'm still in my childhood.

If we didn't have this thing, we couldn't

have the printing press.

Was that the right line.

- [Director] No.

(clapping)

(laughing)

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