- Welcome to the Superbook Show.
Today we're talkingabout tech, right Quinn?
- Yeah, sure.
- Whatcha doin'?
- Updating Facebookwith all the cool stuff
we're seeing here athe Museum of the Bible.
- You're on your phone a lot.
- I love this thing.
I can stay connected,I can look up anything
and I've got theSuperbook Bible App on it.
- [Both] Product placement.
- Tech, pretty cool right?
- Uh, yeah, tech is amazing.
- What do you think wasthe most amazing tech ever?
The phone is pretty cool.
A computer you can carry around with you.
Computers, what would ourphones be without them?
- Those are both.
- Then there's television,
game stations, iPods, motorcycles.
- Very good tech, but I'm.
- Ooh, ooh, the app that tells you when
you're near a restaurant.
Has black bottom banana creme pie
or the app that lights upwhen Krispy Kreme donuts
are hot and fresh or the app that.
- Great apps, one and all,but what if I told you
that there was a piece of tech that caused
the fall of empires.
Plural, that would be powerful.
- Or a tech that causedthe rise of democracy.
- How about a piece oftech that led to the idea
of universal education.
- Universal education?
- Everyone should get to go to school.
- You mean there was atime when I didn't have
to go to school.
- Or a piece of tech that led to the
modern scientific revolution.
- Hold on, you're leading up to something,
cough it up.
- Everything I just mentionedfrom modern democracy
to the scientificrevolution, all came from
the same piece of technology.
- What, what, tell me all about it.
- Better yet, let's talk to an expert.
- Hi, everyone.
- Hey, how are you?
- I'm good, how are you guys today?
- [Both] Good.
- What are your names?
- My name is Alitheia.
- [Jackie] Alitheia,it's nice to meet you.
- And I'm Quinn.
- And you're Quinn, it's nice to meet you.
- My name is Jackie.
Thank you so much for joiningus today at the museum.
Now this very impressive pieceof machinery behind me here,
this is what is usedto print the very first
printed book in the western hemisphere,
the Gutenberg Bible.
So before this comesalong in the year 1450,
books and Bibles have tobe written out by hand.
How long do you think it would take
to write out a Bible?
- Uh, years.
- [Jackie] How about you Quinn?
- Probably a very long time.
- A very long time is correct.
I don't know if you'veseen a Bible before,
but they're very long.
So it can sometimes take up to three years
to write out a single Bible.
Now if you're very good at it,
sometimes it can only take up to a year,
but I think we can all agree,
a very long time.
Now beginning in the year1452 Johannes Gutenberg
over in Mainz, Germany, takes a machine
that looked a little something like this
and he printed 180 copies of the Bible
in that same span of three years.
So this is a lot quicker right?
- A lot.
- Now because it's so much faster
and so much cheaper to produce books,
this makes books much more available for
the common person, you know,
not just the nobility,not just the clergy,
but the common man,people like you and me.
We were finally able tobuy books for ourselves.
Now up until this point,none of us knew how to read,
but because we can buy books now, we start
to learn how to read and so literacy rates
across Europe skyrocket after this
and at the beginning of the 1400s,
there was only about 100,000 books
in the western hemisphere,
by the end of the 1400s aswe do into the renaissance,
there may have been asmany as 10 million books.
All thanks to this machine right here.
Now believe it or not,this machine right here
behind me, this could be completely wrong.
We have no idea whatGutenberg's press looked like
because no images survived of the
Gutenberg printing press, so like I said,
this could be completelyand utterly wrong.
Now with that being said,many scholars do agree
it was probably based offa wine or an olive press
like we have here,hence the corkscrew top,
so would you two like to help me print
a page of the Bible today?
- [Both] Yeah.
- Awesome, come on up.
All right my friends.
So what do you see here?
What does this look like?
- Some sort of text.
- [Jackie] Text is correct.
Do you happen to knowwhat language this is?
- Oh, it looks like German.
- German's a good guess,how about you Quinn.
- Hebrew maybe?
- [Jackie] Hebrew's also a good guess,
but it's actually in Latin.
So Gutenberg was printingbetween the years
of 1452 and 1455.
This is about 70 years beforethe Protestant reformation
so there were no Bibles in languages that
people like you and mewould actually understand.
No German, no English,nothing like that, only Latin,
the language of the church.
Now you two are in luck because we are not
using Gutenberg's moveable type today.
This, as you can seeis not going anywhere.
However, at the time ofGutenberg, it would have been
the job of you two, myapprentices to take every
single individual letter that you see here
and arrange it backwardsin a complete mirror image
of what we would read on a printed page
and as an added bonus in Latin as well.
So, how long do you think it would take
to set up just one page?
- Probably a couple days.
- Yeah, maybe a coupledays, close to a week?
- Not quite that long,but it can sometimes take
up to 14 hours to set up just one page,
so I'm very glad we don'thave to do that today.
Now Quinn, can you grabthose two ink balls
that you see over there, those mushrooms.
Now go ahead, can yougive one to Alitheia.
Now what does thismaterial feel like here,
what does that feel like?
- Leather.- Leather.
- [Jackie] Leather's correct.
At the time of Gutenberg, they were using
dog hide at the time, but don't worry,
no puppies were harmed inthe making of these replicas
and they are stuffed with wool or hair.
Now, can I have these please?
So what they would doat the time of Gutenberg
is we would roll the inkbetween the balls like this
and then we would take oneball and rock it back and forth
across like that untilwe had an even coverage
across the page.
Now by the 1700s, printersbegan applying ink
using rollers, which iswhat we are gonna use today
'cause it's much easier.
So, Alitheia, can you please put that back
over there for me.
Quinn, could you grab that roller there.
- And pass it on over to me.
So, what we're goingto do today my friends,
you two are gonna stand right there.
I'm gonna roll thisacross the letters to you
and then you're gonna rollit on back to me okay?
Here we go.
So nice and easy just like that.
Go ahead, you can eachget a hand on a side.
Excellent, have you two done this before.
- [Both] No.
- It's a great technique.
Okay, can someone putthis back for me please.
Thank you so much.
All right, Alitheia, can you please grab
that picture frame right there.
That's the one, yes my friend.
Now this right here,this is called a frisket.
Can you two say frisket?
- [Both] Frisket.
- Very good.
It's like a biscuit, but you don't want
to dip it in gravy.
Now the frisket here, thisholds and stabilizes the paper
during the printing process,so what we're going to do,
I'm going to line this up for us here
and can you each geta hand on the frisket.
So on my count we'regoing to very gently lay
this on the type set,ready, one, two, three.
Very gently, excellent.
Okay, can someone please slide the casket
underneath the platen there.
All right, can I have afriend stand right there
and another friend stand over here for me.
Now when I say go, you'regoing to pass that lever
across to this side of the press here
and we're gonna turnthe corkscrew and lower
the platen here onto thefrisket paper and type set
and we press the ink down onto the page,
hence the name printing press.
All right, go ahead, bringthat on across please.
Can you bring this back for me please?
All right, excellent work.
Now can someone pleaseslide the casket back
out to the pin there.
I'm going to take care ofthe last and final step,
but our last and finalstep we are going to
remove the frisket andreveal our printed page,
so can I get a drum rollplease from the two of you.
- Dun, dun, dun, da.
That's what we have.
Not bad you two.
Not bad at all, can I get high fives.
- Great work today.
Thank you so much for helping me.
- Just think, we wouldn't have this thing
if we didn't have the printing press.
- And we wouldn't have a Superbook Show
if we didn't have our fans.
Please like this video and subscribe.
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- [Both] Product placement.
- See you soon.
- [Director] High energy.
- Do I have a line?
- What he does?
- That was my childhood basically.
- Whatcha doin'?
- I mean I'm still in my childhood.
If we didn't have this thing, we couldn't
have the printing press.
Was that the right line.
- [Director] No.