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Good Friday: The Death and Burial of Jesus Christ

By Laura J. Bagby Producer - "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life"

Imagine what disillusionment, confusion, and anguish the followers of Jesus Christ felt the day their Lord and Savior died. Not only were they experiencing the loss of a dear friend, but for a time, they too experienced a loss in their faith. God seemed to be so silent. Why was this happening? Was Jesus really God? Faith was being shaken.

Now imagine being the Son of God, all-powerful and totally capable of getting off that cross. Jesus could have easily decided to rewind the tape, edit the story, freeze the crowd, and disappear. But He did not because He knew He was on a mission from God to save the world from their sins and bring freedom to men and women cursed by the Fall.

He decided to take the sins of the world on His shoulders so that we might gain forgiveness for our sins and a new and righteous relationship with the One True God through Jesus Christ our Savior.

Jesus was so in tune with God that despite His divine power and authority, He submitted His very life to God the Father. The death of Jesus Christ was the ultimate in humility, the ultimate in love, the ultimate in doing what was right no matter what the cost.

Jesus Dies to Fulfill Prophesy

Many years before the coming of Jesus Christ, the prophet Isaiah gives an incredibly rich and accurate description of Christ's eventual death. He not only includes the ways in which Jesus would suffer, but why he had to suffer.

Beginning in Isaiah 53: 5, the prophet writes:

But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed. We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all. He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth. By oppression and judgement he was taken away. And who can speak of his descendants? For he was cut off from the land of the living; for the transgression of my people he was stricken. He was assigned a grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death, though he had done no violence, nor was any deceit in his mouth. Yet it was the Lord's will to crush him and cause him to suffer, and though the Lord makes his life a guilt offering, he will see his offspring and prolong his days, and the will of the Lord will prosper in his hand. After the suffering of his soul, he will see the light of life and be satisfied; by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many, and he will bear their iniquities. Therefore I will give him a portion among the great, and he will divide the spoils with the strong, because he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors" (Isaiah 53:5-12, NIV).

Also in the New Testament, Jesus foretells His own death:

"The reason my Father loves me is that I lay down my life -- only to take it up again. No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down and authority to take it up again. This command I received from my Father" (John 10:17-18, NIV).

The Via Dolorosa

The Via Dolorosa, meaning "the way of the cross, the way of suffering," was the street in Jerusalem where Jesus bore the cross from the city on the way to Golgotha. After standing before Caiaphas, the high priest, Jesus was then delivered into the hands of Pilate for His death sentence. He was whipped and a crown of thorns was placed upon His head. Then He was made to carry the crossbeam through this narrow street. The actual street on which Jesus walked is proposed to be anywhere from eight to fourteen feet below the current cobblestone street of today.


This is the place where Jesus was crucified. In the side of this overlook is what looks like a skull etched by nature into the soft stone of this hill; thus, we often refer to this site as the "Place of the Skull" (see Luke 23:33).


The Romans did not invent death by crucifixion; the Palestinians invented it as a punishment reserved for either runaway slaves or the worst criminals of the state.

Before bearing the cross, the prisoner was beaten with a metal-tipped whip. Then he was expected to carry the crossbeam through the streets to the site of his eventual death. The upright section of the cross was already in the ground.

Both hands and feet were nailed to the cross, and above each cross was an inscription of the prisoner's name and crime committed.

Death by crucifixion was slow and extremely painful. Sometimes it could take as long as two days before the criminal died. Ultimately, death was caused by asphyxiation.

The Biblical Accounts of the Death and Burial of Jesus

Matthew 27:11-66; Mark 15:1-47; Luke 23:1-56; John 18:28-19:42

More from's special Easter section

Answers to your questions about Jesus from 'The Passion of The Christ'

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