SCOTT ROSS: When you hear the word 'Holocaust,' what kind of effect does it have?
KITTY SAKS: I feel anger toward the Nazis. Ill never forget what they did. It was absolutely madness. It was a mad world that we came from. How would you like someone to come into your house and take over? I mean, its unheard of to be evicted from your own home, to be thrown out of your own country because youre a Jew.
SCOTT ROSS (reporting): But thats exactly what happened to Kitty. When she was only 6, the Nazis took over Kittys home in Austria. Looking for an escape, she and her parents fled to Belgium.
KITTY SAKS: All I wanted to do was be back with my grandparents and my parents. It became extremely difficult for me to accept the fact that we were on the run and we had to leave. I couldnt understand. I just couldnt understand.
SCOTT ROSS (reporting): Unfortunately, the Germans took over five days before Kittys family was scheduled to leave for the United States. That changed everything.
KITTY SAKS: We had to wear the yellow star to identify, and then you could no longer go to see a physician. No Jew could go to seek medical assistance; no Jew could go to the theater; no Jew could go to the park.
SCOTT ROSS (reporting): As life for Jews became more and more endangered, Kittys parents went into hiding in an efficiency apartment, while little Kitty and her constant companion, "Eva," had to rely on someone of a different faith.
KITTY SAKS: I had a Christian rescuer because you could not do it without a Christian who cared enough about somebody else, for a persons life.
SCOTT ROSS: Who was this person?
KITTY SAKS: This person was my gym teacher. Her name was Fernan Herar. She was a devout Catholic.
SCOTT ROSS: French?
KITTY SAKS: Belgian. She saw me walking the streets one day and she said, 'Kitty, I think its very dangerous for you to walk around displaying your star. I want to place you in a convent.'
SCOTT ROSS: Why would she want to do this? She was taking an enormous risk herself? Why?
KITTY SAKS: She said, 'Im my brothers keeper.' She placed manyIm not the only one. She placed many children in convents, orphanages, boarding schools with Christians, whoever wanted to take us in.
SCOTT ROSS: I know historically that there were a number of Jews who were asked to convert to the Catholic faith or the Christian faith. Did that happen to you?
KITTY SAKS: Yes, it did.
SCOTT ROSS: They asked you to convert to Catholicism?
KITTY SAKS: Well, yes. In this particular convent where I was finally placed, after many attempts to place me, it had to be, and I realized it had to be. I had to blend in.
SCOTT ROSS: Did you change your name?
KITTY SAKS: My name was changed for me.
SCOTT ROSS: And what was your given name now?
KITTY SAKS: Miss Harar took me to the last convent where they finally took me in. I was 9 years old going on 10. She said, 'Your name is no longer Kitty Friedenbach. It is now Rosette Nizolle.' She made me repeat this over and over: 'Rosette Nizolle, Rosette Nizolle.' 'You dont speak German. You only speak French. Youre not Jewish. Youre Catholic.' That day, I became a hidden child.
SCOTT ROSS: Just a question. A young girl who had been raised was it an Orthodox Jewish home?
KITTY SAKS: No.
SCOTT ROSS: But you still knew the Ten Commandments?
KITTY SAKS: Yes.
SCOTT ROSS: One of them, of course, isto use the King James English'thou shall not lie.' Did you have any problem with that mentally?
KITTY SAKS: No.
SCOTT ROSS: You just knew that your survival was at stake here?
KITTY SAKS: To me, it was like being in a play where I made it up as I went along. It was not really lying. It was being in a play where I had to just do my part, change my part.
SCOTT ROSS: You were the actress.
KITTY SAKS: I had to be. Fast, too. I was baptized. First, I was given lessons in catechism by one of the nuns.
SCOTT ROSS: When you were alone at night in bed and lying there thinking, did you still pray?
KITTY SAKS: Yes I did.
SCOTT ROSS: Who did you pray to?
KITTY SAKS: I prayed to God. Dont we all pray to God?
SCOTT ROSS: Yeah, but now that youre converted to Catholicism, was that something that you did mentally, intellectually, or was that an issue of the heart?
KITTY SAKS: No, I cant say it was an issue of the heart.
SCOTT ROSS: It was something you were told to do? It was all part of your acting?
KITTY SAKS: Yeah, I prayed to God. I prayed to God. I said the Shamah, which is the holiest of the Jewish Prayers: 'Hear, oh Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one.' And thats exactly what it is. So, during the day, I was a Catholic girl; at night I became a little Jewish girl, but I prayed to God.
SCOTT ROSS: Were you aware of the camps? Had you heard talk? Were there rumors?
KITTY SAKS: Yeah, Miss Harar said they burn children. To me, that was a made-up thing, but apparently it must have trickled out, but they must have known something. How about the people living near the camps? They didnt smell the burning flesh. I mean, I didnt know. Personally, I did not know, and I didnt believe it.
SCOTT ROSS (reporting): But it was happening. After moving to seven different locations and almost blowing her cover, Kitty was re-united with her parents. It was September 4, 1944.
KITTY SAKS: The door opened up and the sister opened up and said, 'Children, we have been liberated.' That was truly the happiest day of my life.
SCOTT ROSS (reporting): Today, Kitty lives in Norfolk with Abbot Saks, her husband of 48 years. Kittys complete story can be found in the book To Life: Stories of Courage and Survival.
SCOTT ROSS: Have you gone through it all? Survivors guilt?
KITTY SAKS: Yes, in the beginning.
SCOTT ROSS: Was there any consciousness of the God of the universe watching over little Kitty?
KITTY SAKS: After all of that, yes. How about us, all of us?
SCOTT ROSS: Yeah, who survived.
KITTY SAKS: Why didnt the Gestapo knock in the door where my parents were? Why did he save them? I mean, they came so close to being taken. Theres a reason why we survived, but in the beginning, I was just too happy to be free. Then the guilt set in, like I said before, and I said, 'Why me and all my girlfriends? Its a very hard pill to swallow.
SCOTT ROSS: It seems so difficult to see in your bookshelf a book on Adolf Hitler when you hear that name and you think about that, when you see the films on television.
KITTY SAKS: Yes, very bad. Its gotten a little bit better now, but in the beginning I couldnt watch anything. Thats why when we were stationed in Berlin, it was so difficult because I actually picked fights with the Germans. Im ashamed to say that, but its true.
SCOTT ROSS: Have you been able to forgive Germans?
KITTY SAKS: Well, I used to put them all in one pot and say theyre all guilty. Over the years, Ive been able to separate it a little bit.
SCOTT ROSS: Two words, Kitty: Never again. Could it happen again?
KITTY SAKS: No, I dont think so. All my friends always say the opposite. All the other survivors say it could happen. I think Im the only one that will say no.
SCOTT ROSS: If you could speak to God now, what would you say?
KITTY SAKS: Thank God for helping us. I do that all the time.
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